Nationally, there are 52 examiners [full-time equivalent] working in the DVSA Enforcement Directorate. They conduct qualifying exams for ADIs and Standards Checks on them (that is, observing about 11,000 sample lessons every year) to ensure teaching is of an approved quality in 17 core competencies. It's a tall order, I can tell you.
Not adapting the lesson plan as necessary is the consistent top reason for failing the Check.
The main proposed change is to now include a "hierarchy of road users", to ensure that people who can cause the most harm in a collision bear the "greatest responsibility to reduce the danger they may pose to others".
That hierarchy will be, in order of priority: pedestrians; cyclists; horse riders; motorcyclists; cars/taxis; vans/minibuses; large passenger and heavy goods vehicles.
Pedestrians will have priority on pavements and at zebra crossings. Extension of an existing rule means that drivers should give way to pedestrians WAITING TO CROSS near junctions.
Cyclists will have priority at junctions when travelling straight ahead. Cyclists should give room when passing pedestrians on shared cycle paths.
The aim of the changes is also to improve guidance for drivers using motorways, including what to do during a breakdown or incident. This follows concern over dozens of fatalities on "smart motorways", where there is no hard shoulder or the hard shoulder is used for traffic.